All soldiers in the Active Army, Army National Guard, and Army Reserve must take the Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) regardless of their age. The APFT is a three-event physical performance test used to assess muscular endurance and cardio respiratory (CR) fitness. It is a simple way to measure a soldier’s ability to effectively move his body by using his major muscle groups and CR system. Performance on the APFT is strongly linked to the soldier’s fitness level and his ability to do fitness-related tasks. An APFT with alternate test events is given to soldiers with permanent profiles and with temporary profiles greater than three months’ duration.
The APFT is a three event physical performance test used to assess endurance. The three events are:
- 2-mile run.
It is a simple way to measure a soldier’s ability to move his body by using a few major muscle groups and cardiorespiratory system. The intent of the APFT in the Physical Fitness Program is to provide a baseline assessment regardless of MOS or duty.
The test sequence is the push-up, sit-up, and 2-mile run (or alternate, aerobic event). The order of events cannot be changed. There are no exceptions to this sequence. Soldiers are allowed no less than 10 minutes, but ideally no more than 20 minutes, to recover between each event. Under no circumstances is the APFT valid if a soldier cannot begin and end all three events in two hours or less.
PUSH-UPS (2 minutes)
Push-ups measure the endurance of the chest, shoulder, and triceps muscles. Click here for Push-up Standards.
SIT-UPS (2 minutes)
This event measures the endurance of the abdominal and hip-flexor muscles. Click here for Sit-up Standards.
This event tests cardiorespiratory (aerobic) endurance and the endurance of the leg muscles. Click here for 2-mile Run Standards.
To evaluate their physical fitness and the effectiveness of their physical fitness training programs, all military personnel are tested biannually using the APFT in accordance with AR 350-15. (Refer to Chapter 14.) However, soldiers may be evaluated more frequently than biannually.
The soldier’s fitness performance for each APFT event is determined by converting the raw score for each event to a point score. Point scores can be found on the Standards page for each event (See Above).
There are two APFT categories of testing for all military personnel: Initial Entry Training (IET) and the Army Standard.
The APFT standard for basic training is a minimum of 50 points per event and no less than 150 points overall by the end of basic training. Graduation requirements for AIT and One Station Unit Training (OSUT) require 60 points per event.
All other Army personnel (active and reserve) who are non-IET soldiers must attain the minimum Army standard of at least 60 points per event. To get credit for a record APFT, a mediccally profiled soldier must, as a minimum,
complete the 2-mile run or one of the alternate aerobic events.
Properly interpreted, performance on the APFT shows the following:
- Each soldier’s level of physical fitness.
- The entire unit’s level of physical fitness.
- Deficiencies in physical fitness.
- Soldiers who need special attention.
In an effort to help soldiers achieve the minimum goals of the APFT, the Army Field Manual (FM 21-20) Physical Fitness Training, describes drills and exercises that should be carried out regularly to meet the required standards for the APFT:
- APFT Calestinics Exercises
- APFT Conditioning Drills
- APFT Guerilla Exercises
- APFT Obstacle Courses
- APFT Rifle Drills
- APFT Log Drills
- APFT Aquatic Exercise
If you want to maximize your score on the Army PFT you will need to commit to a regular workout routine. The following are techniques and information that will help to meet the APFT required standards: